025 : The Criterion
Blessed is He who sent down the criterion to His servant, that
it may be an admonition to all creatures;-
He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth:
no son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He who
created all things, and ordered them in due proportions.
Yet have they taken, besides him, gods that can create nothing
but are themselves created; that have no control of hurt or good to
themselves; nor can they control death nor life nor resurrection.
But the misbelievers say: "Naught is this but a lie which he
has forged, and others have helped him at it." In truth it is they who have
put forward an iniquity and a falsehood.
And they say: "Tales of the ancients, which he has caused to
be written: and they are dictated before him morning and evening."
Say: "The (Qur'an) was sent down by Him who knows the mystery
(that is) in the heavens and the earth: verily He is Oft-Forgiving, Most
And they say: "What sort of a messenger is this, who eats food,
and walks through the streets? Why has not an angel been sent down to him
to give admonition with him?
"Or (Why) has not a treasure been bestowed on him, or why has
he (not) a garden for enjoyment?" The wicked say: "Ye follow none other
than a man bewitched."
See what kinds of comparisons they make for thee! But they
have gone astray, and never a way will they be able to find!
Blessed is He who, if that were His will, could give thee
better (things) than those,- Gardens beneath which rivers flow; and He
could give thee palaces (secure to dwell in).
Nay they deny the hour (of the judgment to come): but We have
prepared a blazing fire for such as deny the hour:
When it sees them from a place fAr off, they will hear its
fury and its ranging sigh.
And when they are cast, bound together into a constricted
place therein, they will pLead for destruction there and then!
"This day plead not for a single destruction: plead for
Say: "Is that best, or the eternal garden, promised to the
righteous? for them, that is a reward as well as a goal (of attainment).
"For them there will be therein all that they wish for: they
will dwell (there) for aye: A promise to be prayed for from thy Lord."
The day He will gather them together as well as those whom
they worship besides Allah, He will ask: "Was it ye who let these My servants
astray, or did they stray from the Path themselves?"
They will say: "Glory to Thee! not meet was it for us that we
should take for protectors others besides Thee: But Thou didst bestow, on
them and their fathers, good things (in life), until they forgot the
Message: for they were a people (worthless and) lost."
(Allah will say): "Now have they proved you liars in what ye
say: so ye cannot avert (your penalty) nor (get) help." And whoever among
you does wrong, him shall We cause to taste of a grievous Penalty.
And the messengers whom We sent before thee were all (men) who
ate food and walked through the streets: We have made some of you as a
trial for others: will ye have patience? for Allah is One Who sees (all
Such as fear not the meeting with Us (for Judgment) say: "Why
are not the angels sent down to us, or (why) do we not see our Lord?"
Indeed they have an arrogant conceit of themselves, and mighty is the
insolence of their impiety!
The Day they see the angels,- no joy will there be to the
sinners that Day: The (angels) will say: "There is a barrier forbidden (to
And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did (in this life),
and We shall make such deeds as floating dust scattered about.
The Companions of the Garden will be well, that Day, in their
abode, and have the fairest of places for repose.
The Day the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and
angels shall be sent down, descending (in ranks),-
That Day, the dominion as of right and truth, shall be
(wholly) for (Allah) Most Merciful: it will be a Day of dire difficulty for
The Day that the wrong-doer will bite at his hands, he will
say, "Oh! would that I had taken a (straight) path with the Messenger!
"Ah! woe is me! Would that I had never taken such a one for a
"He did lead me astray from the Message (of Allah) after it had
come to me! Ah! the Evil One is but a traitor to man!"
Then the Messenger will say: "O my Lord! Truly my people took this
Qur'an for just foolish nonsense."
Thus have We made for every prophet an enemy among the
sinners: but enough is thy Lord to guide and to help.
Those who reject Faith say: "Why is not the Qur'an revealed to
him all at once? Thus (is it revealed), that We may strengthen thy heart
thereby, and We have rehearsed it to thee in slow, well-arranged stages,
And no question do they bring to thee but We reveal to thee
the truth and the best explanation (thereof).
Those who will be gathered to Hell (prone) on their faces,-
they will be in an evil plight, and, as to Path, most astray.
(Before this,) We sent Moses The Book, and appointed his
brother Aaron with him as minister;
And We command: "Go ye both, to the people who have rejected
our Signs:" And those (people) We destroyed with utter destruction.
And the people of Noah,- when they rejected the messengers, We
drowned them, and We made them as a Sign for mankind; and We have prepared
for (all) wrong-doers a grievous Penalty;-
As also 'Ad and Thamud, and the Companions of the Rass, and
many a generation between them.
To each one We set forth Parables and examples; and each one
We broke to utter annihilation (for their sins).
And the (Unbelievers) must indeed have passed by the town on
which was rained a shower of evil: did they not then see it (with their own
eyes)? But they fear not the Resurrection.
When they see thee, they treat thee no otherwise than in
mockery: "Is this the one whom Allah has sent as a messenger?"
"He indeed would well-nigh have misled us from our gods, had
it not been that we were constant to them!" - Soon will they know, when
they see the Penalty, who it is that is most misled in Path!
Seest thou such a one as taketh for his god his own passion
(or impulse)? Couldst thou be a disposer of affairs for him?
Or thinkest thou that most of them listen or understand? They
are only like cattle;- nay, they are worse astray in Path.
Hast thou not turned thy vision to thy Lord?- How He doth
prolong the shadow! If He willed, He could make it stationary! then do We
make the sun its guide;
Then We draw it in towards Ourselves,- a contraction by easy
And He it is Who makes the Night as a Robe for you, and Sleep
as Repose, and makes the Day (as it were) a Resurrection.
And He it is Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings,
going before His mercy, and We send down pure water from the sky,-
That with it We may give life to a dead land, and slake the
thirst of things We have created,- cattle and men in great numbers.
And We have distributed the (water) amongst them, in order
that they may celebrate (our) praises, but most men are averse (to aught)
but (rank) ingratitude.
Had it been Our Will, We could have sent a warner to every
centre of population.
Therefore listen not to the Unbelievers, but strive against
them with the utmost strenuousness, with the (Qur'an).
It is He Who has let free the two bodies of flowing water: One
palatable and sweet, and the other salt and bitter; yet has He made a
barrier between them, a partition that is forbidden to be passed.
It is He Who has created man from water: then has He
established relationships of lineage and marriage: for thy Lord has power
(over all things).
Yet do they worship, besides Allah, things that can neither
profit them nor harm them: and the Misbeliever is a helper (of Evil),
against his own Lord!
But thee We only sent to give glad tidings and admonition.
Say: "No reward do I ask of you for it but this: that each one
who will may take a (straight) Path to his Lord."
And put thy trust in Him Who lives and dies not; and celebrate
his praise; and enough is He to be acquainted with the faults of His
He Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is
between, in six days, and is firmly established on the Throne (of
Authority): Allah Most Gracious: ask thou, then, about Him of any acquainted
(with such things).
When it is said to them, "Prostrate to (Allah) Most Gracious!", they
say, "And what is (Allah) Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate to that which thou
commandest us?" And it increases their flight (from the Truth).
Blessed is He Who made constellations in the skies, and placed
therein a Lamp and a Moon giving light;
And it is He Who made the Night and the Day to follow each
other: for such as have the will to celebrate His praises or to show their
And the servants of (Allah) Most Gracious are those who walk on
the earth in humility, and when the ignorant address them, they say,
Those who spend the night in adoration of their Lord prostrate
Those who say, "Our Lord! avert from us the Wrath of Hell, for
its Wrath is indeed an affliction grievous,-
"Evil indeed is it as an abode, and as a place to rest in";
Those who, when they spend, are not extravagant and not
niggardly, but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes);
Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such
life as Allah has made sacred except for just cause, nor commit fornication;
- and any that does this (not only) meets punishment.
(But) the Penalty on the Day of Judgment will be doubled to
him, and he will dwell therein in ignominy,-
Unless he repents, believes, and works righteous deeds, for
Allah will change the evil of such persons into good, and Allah is
Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful,
And whoever repents and does good has truly turned to Allah with
an (acceptable) conversion;-
Those who witness no falsehood, and, if they pass by futility,
they pass by it with honourable (avoidance);
Those who, when they are admonished with the Signs of their
Lord, droop not down at them as if they were deaf or blind;
And those who pray, "Our Lord! Grant unto us wives and
offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and give us (the grace) to
lead the righteous."
Those are the ones who will be rewarded with the highest place
in heaven, because of their patient constancy: therein shall they be met
with salutations and peace,
Dwelling therein;- how beautiful an abode and place of rest!
Say (to the Rejecters): "My Lord is not uneasy because of you
if ye call not on Him: But ye have indeed rejected (Him), and soon will
come the inevitable (punishment)!"
025 : The Criterion