033 : The Clans
O Prophet! Fear Allah, and hearken not to the Unbelievers and
the Hypocrites: verily Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.
But follow that which comes to thee by inspiration from thy
Lord: for Allah is well acquainted with (all) that ye do.
And put thy trust in Allah, and enough is Allah as a disposer of
Allah has not made for any man two hearts in his (one) body: nor
has He made your wives whom ye divorce by Zihar your mothers: nor has He
made your adopted sons your sons. Such is (only) your (manner of) speech by
your mouths. But Allah tells (you) the Truth, and He shows the (right) Way.
Call them by (the names of) their fathers: that is juster in
the sight of Allah. But if ye know not their father's (names, call them) your
Brothers in faith, or your maulas. But there is no blame on you if ye make
a mistake therein: (what counts is) the intention of your hearts: and Allah
is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful.
The Prophet is closer to the Believers than their own selves,
and his wives are their mothers. Blood-relations among each other have
closer personal ties, in the Decree of Allah. Than (the Brotherhood of)
Believers and Muhajirs: nevertheless do ye what is just to your closest
friends: such is the writing in the Decree (of Allah).
And remember We took from the prophets their covenant: As (We
did) from thee: from Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus the son of Mary: We
took from them a solemn covenant:
That (Allah) may question the (custodians) of Truth concerning
the Truth they (were charged with): And He has prepared for the Unbelievers
a grievous Penalty.
O ye who believe! Remember the Grace of Allah, (bestowed) on
you, when there came down on you hosts (to overwhelm you): But We sent
against them a hurricane and forces that ye saw not: but Allah sees (clearly)
all that ye do.
Behold! they came on you from above you and from below you,
and behold, the eyes became dim and the hearts gaped up to the throats, and
ye imagined various (vain) thoughts about Allah!
In that situation were the Believers tried: they were shaken
as by a tremendous shaking.
And behold! The Hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a
disease (even) say: "Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but
Behold! A party among them said: "Ye men of Yathrib! ye
cannot stand (the attack)! therefore go back!" And a band of them ask for
leave of the Prophet, saying, "Truly our houses are bare and exposed,"
though they were not exposed they intended nothing but to run away.
And if an entry had been effected to them from the sides of
the (city), and they had been incited to sedition, they would certainly
have brought it to pass, with none but a brief delay!
And yet they had already covenanted with Allah not to turn their
backs, and a covenant with Allah must (surely) be answered for.
Say: "Running away will not profit you if ye are running away
from death or slaughter; and even if (ye do escape), no more than a brief
(respite) will ye be allowed to enjoy!"
Say: "Who is it that can screen you from Allah if it be His wish
to give you punishment or to give you Mercy?" Nor will they find for
themselves, besides Allah, any protector or helper.
Verily Allah knows those among you who keep back (men) and those
who say to their brethren, "Come along to us", but come not to the fight
except for just a little while.
Covetous over you. Then when fear comes, thou wilt see them
looking to thee, their eyes revolving, like (those of) one over whom hovers
death: but when the fear is past, they will smite you with sharp tongues,
covetous of goods. Such men have no faith, and so Allah has made their deeds
of none effect: and that is easy for Allah.
They think that the Confederates have not withdrawn; and if
the Confederates should come (again), they would wish they were in the
deserts (wandering) among the Bedouins, and seeking news about you (from a
safe distance); and if they were in your midst, they would fight but
Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of
conduct) for any one whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who
engages much in the Praise of Allah.
When the Believers saw the Confederate forces, they said:
"This is what Allah and his Messenger had promised us, and Allah and His Messenger
told us what was true." And it only added to their faith and their zeal in
Among the Believers are men who have been true to their
covenant with Allah: of them some have completed their vow (to the extreme),
and some (still) wait: but they have never changed (their determination) in
That Allah may reward the men of Truth for their Truth, and
punish the Hypocrites if that be His Will, or turn to them in Mercy: for
Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
And Allah turned back the Unbelievers for (all) their fury: no
advantage did they gain; and enough is Allah for the believers in their
fight. And Allah is full of Strength, able to enforce His Will.
And those of the People of the Book who aided them - Allah did
take them down from their strongholds and cast terror into their hearts.
(So that) some ye slew, and some ye made prisoners.
And He made you heirs of their lands, their houses, and their
goods, and of a land which ye had not frequented (before). And Allah has
power over all things.
O Prophet! Say to thy Consorts: "If it be that ye desire the
life of this World, and its glitter,- then come! I will provide for your
enjoyment and set you free in a handsome manner.
But if ye seek Allah and His Messenger, and the Home of the
Hereafter, verily Allah has prepared for the well-doers amongst you a great
O Consorts of the Prophet! If any of you were guilty of
evident unseemly conduct, the Punishment would be doubled to her, and that
is easy for Allah.
But any of you that is devout in the service of Allah and His
Messenger, and works righteousness,- to her shall We grant her reward twice:
and We have prepared for her a generous Sustenance.
O Consorts of the Prophet! Ye are not like any of the (other)
women: if ye do fear (Allah), be not too complacent of speech, lest one in
whose heart is a disease should be moved with desire: but speak ye a speech
(that is) just.
And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling
display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular
Prayer, and give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah
only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family,
and to make you pure and spotless.
And recite what is rehearsed to you in your homes, of the
Signs of Allah and His Wisdom: for Allah understands the finest mysteries and
is well-acquainted (with them).
For Muslim men and women,- for believing men and women, for
devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are
patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and
women who give in Charity, for men and women who fast (and deny
themselves), for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and
women who engage much in Allah's praise,- for them has Allah prepared
forgiveness and great reward.
It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter
has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any option about their
decision: if any one disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he is indeed on a
clearly wrong Path.
Behold! Thou didst say to one who had received the grace of
Allah and thy favour: "Retain thou (in wedlock) thy wife, and fear Allah." But
thou didst hide in thy heart that which Allah was about to make manifest:
thou didst fear the people, but it is more fitting that thou shouldst fear
Allah. Then when Zaid had dissolved (his marriage) with her, with the
necessary (formality), We joined her in marriage to thee: in order that (in
future) there may be no difficulty to the Believers in (the matter of)
marriage with the wives of their adopted sons, when the latter have
dissolved with the necessary (formality) (their marriage) with them. And
Allah's command must be fulfilled.
There can be no difficulty to the Prophet in what Allah has
indicated to him as a duty. It was the practice (approved) of Allah amongst
those of old that have passed away. And the command of Allah is a decree
(It is the practice of those) who preach the Messages of Allah,
and fear Him, and fear none but Allah. And enough is Allah to call (men) to
Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but (he is) the
Messenger of Allah, and the Seal of the Prophets: and Allah has full knowledge of
O ye who believe! Celebrate the praises of Allah, and do this
And glorify Him morning and evening.
He it is Who sends blessings on you, as do His angels, that He
may bring you out from the depths of Darkness into Light: and He is Full of
Mercy to the Believers.
Their salutation on the Day they meet Him will be "Peace!";
and He has prepared for them a generous Reward.
O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of
Glad Tidings, and Warner,-
And as one who invites to Allah's (grace) by His leave, and as a
lamp spreading light.
Then give the Glad Tidings to the Believers, that they shall
have from Allah a very great Bounty.
And obey not (the behests) of the Unbelievers and the
Hypocrites, and heed not their annoyances, but put thy Trust in Allah. For
enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.
O ye who believe! When ye marry believing women, and then
divorce them before ye have touched them, no period of 'Iddat have ye to
count in respect of them: so give them a present. And set them free in a
O Prophet! We have made lawful to thee thy wives to whom thou
hast paid their dowers; and those whom thy right hand possesses out of the
prisoners of war whom Allah has assigned to thee; and daughters of thy
paternal uncles and aunts, and daughters of thy maternal uncles and aunts,
who migrated (from Makka) with thee; and any believing woman who dedicates
her soul to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her;- this only for
thee, and not for the Believers (at large); We know what We have appointed
for them as to their wives and the captives whom their right hands
possess;- in order that there should be no difficulty for thee. And Allah is
Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Thou mayest defer (the turn of) any of them that thou
pleasest, and thou mayest receive any thou pleasest: and there is no blame
on thee if thou invite one whose (turn) thou hadst set aside. This were
nigher to the cooling of their eyes, the prevention of their grief, and
their satisfaction - that of all of them - with that which thou hast to
give them: and Allah knows (all) that is in your hearts: and Allah is
All-Knowing, Most Forbearing.
It is not lawful for thee (to marry more) women after this,
nor to change them for (other) wives, even though their beauty attract
thee, except any thy right hand should possess (as handmaidens): and Allah
doth watch over all things.
O ye who believe! Enter not the Prophet's houses,- until leave
is given you,- for a meal, (and then) not (so early as) to wait for its
preparation: but when ye are invited, enter; and when ye have taken your
meal, disperse, without seeking familiar talk. Such (behaviour) annoys the
Prophet: he is ashamed to dismiss you, but Allah is not ashamed (to tell you)
the truth. And when ye ask (his ladies) for anything ye want, ask them from
before a screen: that makes for greater purity for your hearts and for
theirs. Nor is it right for you that ye should annoy Allah's Messenger, or that
ye should marry his widows after him at any time. Truly such a thing is in
Allah's sight an enormity.
Whether ye reveal anything or conceal it, verily Allah has full
knowledge of all things.
There is no blame (on these ladies if they appear) before
their fathers or their sons, their brothers, or their brother's sons, or
their sisters' sons, or their women, or the (slaves) whom their right hands
possess. And, (ladies), fear Allah; for Allah is Witness to all things.
Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that
believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect.
Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger - Allah has cursed them in
this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating
And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear
(on themselves) a calumny and a glaring sin.
O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing
women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons (when
abroad): that is most convenient, that they should be known (as such) and
not molested. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Truly, if the Hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a
disease, and those who stir up sedition in the City, desist not, We shall
certainly stir thee up against them: Then will they not be able to stay in
it as thy neighbours for any length of time:
They shall have a curse on them: whenever they are found, they
shall be seized and slain (without mercy).
(Such was) the practice (approved) of Allah among those who
lived aforetime: No change wilt thou find in the practice (approved) of
Men ask thee concerning the Hour: Say, "The knowledge thereof
is with Allah (alone)": and what will make thee understand?- perchance the
Hour is nigh!
Verily Allah has cursed the Unbelievers and prepared for them a
To dwell therein for ever: no protector will they find, nor
The Day that their faces will be turned upside down in the
Fire, they will say: "Woe to us! Would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed
And they would say: "Our Lord! We obeyed our chiefs and our
great ones, and they misled us as to the (right) Path.
"Our Lord! Give them double Penalty and curse them with a very
O ye who believe! Be ye not like those who vexed and insulted
Moses, but Allah cleared him of the (calumnies) they had uttered: and he was
honourable in Allah's sight.
O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and (always) say a word directed
to the Right:
That He may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you
your sins: He that obeys Allah and His Messenger, has already attained the
We did indeed offer the Trust to the Heavens and the Earth and
the Mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof: but
man undertook it;- He was indeed unjust and foolish;-
(With the result) that Allah has to punish the Hypocrites, men
and women, and the Unbelievers, men and women, and Allah turns in Mercy to
the Believers, men and women: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
033 : The Clans