Book 08 : NEVIIM - I SAMUEL - Chapter 020
And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said
before Jonathan: 'What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin
before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
And he said unto him: 'Far from it; thou shalt not die;
behold, my father doeth nothing either great or small, but that he discloseth it
unto me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
And David swore moreover, and said: 'Thy father knoweth
well that I have found favour in thine eyes; and he saith: Let not Jonathan know
this, lest he be grieved; but truly as HaShem liveth, and as thy soul liveth,
there is but a step between me and death.
Then said Jonathan unto David: 'What doth thy soul desire,
that I should do it for thee?
And David said unto Jonathan: 'Behold, to-morrow is the new
moon, when I should sit with the king to eat; so let me go, that I may hide
myself in the field unto the third day at even
If thy father miss me at all, then say: David earnestly
asked leave of me that he might run to Beth-lehem his city; for it is the yearly
sacrifice there for all the family
If he say thus: It is well; thy servant shall have peace;
but if he be wroth, then know that evil is determined by him
Therefore deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast
brought thy servant into a covenant of HaShem with thee; but if there be in me
iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
And Jonathan said: 'Far be it from thee; for if I should at
all know that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would
not I tell it thee
Then said David to Jonathan: 'Who shall tell me if
perchance thy father answer thee roughly?
And Jonathan said unto David: 'Come and let us go out into
the field.' And they went out both of them into the field
And Jonathan said unto David: `The HaShem, the G-d of
Israel--when I have sounded my father about this time to-morrow, or the third
day, behold, if there be good toward David, shall I not then send unto thee, and
disclose it unto thee
HaShem do so to Jonathan, and more also, should it please
my father to do thee evil, if I disclose it not unto thee, and send thee away,
that thou mayest go in peace; and HaShem be with thee, as He hath been with my
And thou shalt not only while yet I live show me the
kindness of HaShem, that I die not
but also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house
for ever; no, not when HaShem hath cut off the enemies of David every one from
the face of the earth.
So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: 'The
HaShem even require it at the hand of David's enemies.
And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love
that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul
And Jonathan said unto him: 'To-morrow is the new moon;
and thou wilt be missed, thy seat will be empty
And in the third day thou shalt hide thyself well, and
come to the place where thou didst hide thyself in the day of work, and shalt
remain by the stone Ezel
And I will shoot three arrows to the side-ward, as though
I shot at a mark
And, behold, I will send the lad: Go, find the arrows. If
I say unto the lad: Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee; take them, and
come; for there is peace to thee and no hurt, as HaShem liveth
But if I say thus unto the boy: Behold, the arrows are
beyond thee; go thy way; for HaShem hath sent thee away
And as touching the matter which I and thou have spoken
of, behold, HaShem is between me and thee for ever.
So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon
was come, the king sat him down to the meal to eat
And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even
upon the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul's side;
but David's place was empty
Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day; for he
thought: 'Something hath befallen him, he is unclean; surely he is not clean.
And it came to pass on the morrow after the new moon,
which was the second day, that David's place was empty; and Saul said unto
Jonathan his son: 'Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to the meal, neither
yesterday, nor to-day?
And Jonathan answered Saul: 'David earnestly asked leave
of me to go to Beth-lehem
and he said: Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a
sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me; and now, if I have
found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren.
Therefore he is not come unto the king's table.
Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he
said unto him: 'Thou son of perverse rebellion, do not I know that thou hast
chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother's
For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the earth,
thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him
unto me, for he deserveth to die.
And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him:
'Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?
And Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; whereby
Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to put David to death
So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did
eat no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, and
because his father had put him to shame
And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out
into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him
And he said unto his lad: 'Run, find now the arrows which
I shoot.' And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him
And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which
Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said: `Is not the arrow
And Jonathan cried after the lad: 'Make speed, hasten,
stay not.' And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master
But the lad knew not any thing; only Jonathan and David
knew the matter
And Jonathan gave his weapons unto his lad, and said unto
him: 'Go, carry them to the city.
And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a
place toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three
times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David
'Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the
name of HaShem, saying: HaShem shall be between me and thee, and between my seed
and thy seed, for ever.
Book 08 : NEVIIM - I SAMUEL - Chapter 020